man giving cardiac risk assessment

Global Cardiac Risk Assessment

A global cardiac risk assessment is used in apparently healthy people to determine their future risk of suffering a heart attack or stroke. For example, you may have More


An electrocardiogram is a non-invasive test to determine how the heart is functioning by measuring the electrical activity of the heart. In the normal heart, each heart beat More

Transthoracic Echocardiography

Transthoracic Echocardiography

A transthoracic echocardiogram uses ultrasound waves to assess the structure and function of the heart non-invasively. It can be used to assess the size, dimensions and function of More

Treadmill ECG Exercise Testing

Also known as a stress test, a treadmill ECG test is used to determine how the heart responds to being put under stress when exercising. During a stress More

ECG Testing
stress echo on monitor

Stress Echo

A stress echo is similar to an exercise stress test but in addition to an ECG tracing the heart muscle is directly visualized using ultrasound to determine if More

Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring

An ambulatory blood pressure monitor measures your blood pressure over a 24-hour period. The test can be used to diagnose high blood pressure and determine whether tablets may More

Ambulatory Holter Monitoring

Ambulatory Holter Monitoring

An ambulatory Holter monitor is used to diagnose heart rhythm disorders known as arrhythmias. The monitor is typically worn over 24-48 hours or even longer if your doctor More

Loop Recorder Implantation

A loop recorder records your heart rate and rhythm continuously over a prolonged period of time (e.g. 6 months) and is implanted under the chest skin. It is More

reveal linq loop recorder

Permanent Pacemaker Interrogation

If you have a permanent pacemaker or ICD we can check its function and the recent activity of the conduction of the heart by placing a wand over More

Electrical Cardioversion

An electrical cardioversion is a procedure used to convert an abnormally fast or irregular rhythm such as atrial fibrillation into a normal heart rhythm (sinus rhythm). The procedure More

hands holding electrical cardiogram
Transoesophageal Echocardiography

Transoesophageal Echocardiography

A transoesophageal echocardiogram (TOE) is an endoscopic ultrasound examination of the heart and large blood vessels.  A TOE produces much clearer images of the heart than a standard More

CT Coronary Calcium Score

Coronary Artery Calcium Scoring (CAC) is a non-invasive assessment of coronary artery calcification using computed tomography (CT). It is a marker of atherosclerotic plaque burden (hardening and narrowing More

ct calcium score
CT Structural Heart

CT Coronary Angiography

A CT coronary angiogram uses computed tomography to take images of the coronary arteries of the beating heart. The coronary arteries supply blood to the heart muscle and More

CT Structural Heart

A CT structural heart may be performed if you are planned to undergo a minimally invasive cardiac procedure such as transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), left atrial appendage More

CT Structural heart diagram
cardiac mri

Cardiac MRI

Cardiac MRI uses a powerful magnetic field, radiofrequency waves and a computer to generate detailed images of the heart structure and function. Cardiac MRI does not use ionizing More

Invasive Coronary Angiography

A coronary angiogram is an invasive procedure performed in a room known as a catheterization laboratory or cath lab. The procedure is typically performed via the wrist or More

invasive coronary angiography
swan ganz

Right Heart Catheterization

A right heart catheterization is a procedure performed usually via a vein in the groin to measure the pressures in the heart and lungs using a catheter known More

iFR and FFR

The instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR) and fractional flow reserve (FFR) are diagnostic tools used to assess whether a blockage or narrowing in the blood vessel is limiting blood More

instantaneous wave-free ratio and fractional flow reserve
crochan o'sullivan performing optical coherence tomography

Optical Coherence Tomography

Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an imaging technique used to visualize the inside of a coronary artery (blood vessel supplying the heart) using backscattered infrared light to generate More

Intravascular Ultrasound

Intravascular Ultrasound (IVUS) is an imaging technique which uses ultrasound waves to generate images on a computer screen. The ultrasound probe is located at the tip of a More

Intravascular Ultrasound
Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a procedure used to treat narrowed or blocked blood vessels supplying the heart (coronary arteries). It should only be performed in patients with More

Chronic Total Occlusions

A chronic total occlusion (CTOs) refers to a complete (100%) blockage in a coronary artery (a blood vessel supplying the heart muscle), which has been present for 3 More

crochan pointing at monitor of chronic total occlusions
patent foramen ovale

Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO) & Atrial Septal Defect Closure

Patent foramen ovale

A patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a residual defect or hole between the 2 upper chambers of the heart (atria) that is relatively common. The foetal More

Left Atrial Appendage Closure (LAAC)

is a normal part of the heart anatomy and causes no problems in the majority of people.
However, this pouch can be a major source of blood clots More

left atrial appendage closure
Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation

Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI)

The heart is a muscle which pumps blood to your lungs and around the body. There are four valves within the heart. These valves normally open to let More